CHRISTMAS

1. Advent

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What is Advent? When does Advent begin? Where are Advent candles put? How many? What colour are they? What is their meaning? When are they burnt? What is an Advent calendar? What does it look like? What can you find behind the doors?



2. Christmas story, Nativity play, Christmas star

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What is celebrated on 25 December? What is a Nativity scene? What is traditional for primary schools in Britain? What is a Nativity play? When and where was the first Nativity performance?



3. Christmas Eve and Christmas Day

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When is Christmas Eve? What does Eve mean? What do people do? What do they hang up in their homes? When is Christmas Day? What do people celebrate? What do people do on Christmas Day? When does the Queen give a speech?



4. Boxing Day

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When is Boxing Day celebrated? Why is it called so? How was it celebrated in the past? How is it celebrated now?



5. Christmas carols

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What are Christmas Carols? What does the word "carol" mean? What is Carol Singing? What is the most popular Christmas carol?



6. Saint Nicholas

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Who was Saint Nicholas? How did he help people? How did he become Santa Claus? What Christmas tradition is connected with him?



7. Santa Claus or Father Christmas

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Who is Santa Claus? What is he called in Britain? What does he look like? Where does he live? Who helps him to make presents? Who brought the idea of Santa Claus to New York? When? Who described Santa's appearance? Who wrote a poem about him? How do children write to Father Christmas? What did Father Christmas look like long ago?



8. Santa's home

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Where does Santa Claus live? What is his address? What does he do during the year? Who helps him? How can children send a letter to him?



9. Santa's reindeer

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How many reindeer does Santa have? What are their names? Why can they fly? Who is Rudolf? When did the story and the song about him appear?



10. Christmas cards

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When did exchanging Christmas cards become a tradition? Whose idea was it to print Christmas cards? What did the first modern Christmas card look like? What did the cards show in the past and what can you see in the cards nowadays?



11. Christmas trees

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Who began the Christmas tree tradition? How were Christmas trees decorated? How are they decorated now? What is put on top? What is the meaning of the decorations?



12. Christmas plants

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What are traditional christmas plants? Why is it bad luck to leave decorations up after the 12th Night? What is a mistletoe? What does it look like? Where does it grow? What traditions are connected with it? What are poinsettias? What do they look like? Why is the Poinsettia plant connected with Christmas?



13. the Yule log

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What does the word Yule mean? What is Yule log? When and how was it lit? How long did it burn? Where is a Chocolate Yule Log eaten? How is it made? What is a modern tradition in the US? When and how was it started?



14. Christmas dinner

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When do people have Christmas Dinner? What food do they usually eat? When did eating turkey become fashionable? What is a turkey wishing tradition? When is the Christmas pudding made? What is the Christmas pudding made of? What is put inside? How is the Christmas pudding eaten? What is the favourite food of Father Christmas?



15. Christmas crackers and candy canes

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What is a Christmas cracker? When did it appear? What does it look like? When is it pulled? What is inside? Where did candy canes appear? Whose idea was it?